Meet the world’s first full-frame digital compact
Every once in a long while a camera comes along that is at once both a complete surprise and exactly what everyone wants to see. Such is Sony’s 24.3MP Cyber-shot RX1 ($2,798, street). Our jaws dropped when Sony first told us about it prior to the Photokina trade fair in Cologne, Germany, last fall.
With its full-frame CMOS sensor, it promised to be the topmost gun of the large-sensored premium compacts that have managed to survive in a world awash in cellphone cameras. It also puts an end to the perennial question: Why doesn’t someone just put a full-frame sensor in a small, pocketable camera?
The answer is that it just isn’t that simple. For utility’s sake, Sony had to use a lens that is on the wide side—in this case a 35mm. For depth-of-field control and low-light prowess, the engineers also had to make it a fast lens. That combination leads to large glass. So Sony opted for a fixed lens to reduce bulk—interchangeable lenses need bigger external barrels.
If you look at the position of the sensor plane indicated in the photo of the top of the camera (up and to the right), you'll see that it is very far toward the back of the RX1’s body. Consider, too, that the lens extends more than halfway into the camera, placing the rear element only a few millimeters in front of the sensor. It was undoubtedly a huge challenge to design the lens.
Add to that the problem of managing heat in such a small body and putting it all together with an elegant design commensurate with the unavoidably high price tag, and you’ve got more complexity than most companies would want to deal with. In this case, Sony clearly wanted to show off that the company is serious—very serious—about cameras.
In the Test Lab
With its large sensor, high pixel count, and a fast purpose-built lens, we weren’t surprised to see the RX1 get high marks in our lab tests. Its biggest drawback was in color accuracy—an area in which many compact cameras don’t excel. This isn't to say that the colors weren’t pleasing. They just weren’t as accurate as we’ve become accustomed to in DSLRs and ILCs. Noise also proved troublesome, but it’s not easy to keep temperatures down in a compact, and excess heat can lead to more noisy images.
Overall image quality earned an Extremely High rating from ISO 50 through ISO 200. With 2870 lines per picture height in our resolution test, there was plenty of resolving power for an Excellent rating. From there, the Extremely High rating in Color accuracy (9.5 average Delta E) sent the image quality rating one level down from our top honors.
In our noise tests, the RX1 wasn't clean enough for an Extremely Low rating at any ISO. Instead, it started out with a Very Low rating at ISO 50 and rose to Moderately Low by ISO 400. Impressively, Sony held noise to acceptable levels all the way up to ISO 3200. Even at ISO 25,600, the RX1 showed a standard deviation of 4.8—a better result than Nikon’s D800, though that DSLR far outresolves the RX1 at lower sensitivities.
Even though the resolution dropped as the sensitivity increased, the camera always managed to resolve enough for an Excellent rating by our standards. At ISO 400, the RX1 dropped to 2790 lines; by ISO 3200, to 2640 lines. At the camera’s highest ISO, 25,600, you still get 2510 lines. The noise and loss of detail at this setting may make images unusable for some photographers, but others might not mind. We generally felt safe shooting at up to ISO 3200, where the noise wasn’t too prominent and the loss of resolution was not much more than 200 lines below the camera’s peak.
The thing to remember here is that this is a compact camera. Sony's own RX100 ($648, street), while costing thousands of dollars less, maxes out at 2270 lines per picture height and reaches Unacceptable noise levels by ISO 800. The RX1 shows the extremes of what is possible in a camera that can fit comfortably in a coat pocket.
In the Field
With a solid-feeling metal body that tries to look neither retro nor futuristic, the RX1 carries an easy charm and an underlying sense of sophistication. The control system, with its aperture ring on the lens barrel, relies on two-handed operation.
We’re fine with this, since it’s always better to steady the camera with two hands, but the grip is anemic, to say the least. It benefits from textured rubber, making it relatively secure in the hand, but Sony could take it a step further as Olympus does in its PL line of ILCs. The optional TGA-1 thumb grip ($250, street) remained on our test sample for the majority of our field testing.
This is problematic because, while the grip does have a cold shoe on which you can mount the optional FDA-V1 optical finder ($598, street), you can’t use it in conjunction with the optional FDA-EVM1K ($448, street) electronic OLED finder. The optical finder is lovely, but we found ourselves missing the information available in the OLED finder, as well as the ability to customize the display with overlays of histograms or the electronic level. We’re hoping Sony will devise a thumb grip that retains the contacts for the Multi Interface Shoe.