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Dr. William Longley and Charles Martin
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"Hogfish"

Hogfish

In 1926 Dr. William Longley and National Geographic’s Charles Martin took this photo of a hogfish off the Florida Keys, and ushered in a new generation of underwater photography — this time in color. They needed extremely specialized gear to take the shot, and were faced with a major problem in order to get enough light to properly expose. So, how did they get a burst of light into the ocean? They ended up relying on pounds of magnesium flash powder, floating in a boat on the surface.

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While the pair were diving, they left a raft laden with the explosives floating above. When they took the shot, the camera shutter tripped a battery on the raft, igniting the magnesium powder, and illuminating the water down to 15 feet. Hardcore, by the standards of any day.

These images come from a National Geographic timeline of Milestones in Underwater Photography.

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