Tips From a Pro: An Introduction to Wedding Photography

Learn the ins and outs of professional wedding photography from the bests in the biz

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Photo: Dave Getzschman Peak Pirouette
Dave Getzschman staked out a vantage point high above the couple's first dance—the perfect perch for capturing its flourish of a finish.
Dave Getzschman

As the ones responsible for capturing a wedding day in images, we photographers are under a ton of pressure. To help you next time you’re asked (or even hired) to assume the role, we tapped ten exciting bridal pros—all chosen by our sister magazine, American Photo, as the best of 2012****—for their techniques and strategies for bringing a smile to the face of even the scariest bridezilla.

_This isn’t about what equipment to buy to shoot weddings. (That’s between you, your spouse, and your accountant.) Nor is it about conventional poses, lighting setups, shot lists, or marketing strategies. (For these, see any of the 200 wedding tutorial books you can find at bookstores and online.)

Instead, we wanted to bring you the thought processes of America’s top wedding shooters as they hit the ground running to cover a typical event. What are they looking for as they go from formal family portraits, to the ceremony, to the dinner and reception? How do they (subtly) coax participants into the poses and pictures that will produce a stunning wedding album? And how do they set up the circumstances that allow them to find, mine, and even create that most important of wedding guests: human emotion._

Chasing Emotions
A set of pictures that capture the deep and true feelings between a couple getting married—and the emotions and hope that friends and family feel for them—is the holy grail of wedding photography. This, ultimately, is what we're after.

As Dave Getzschman (chrismanstudios.com), a wedding pro based in Los Angeles, puts it thusly: "Emotion is the substance of wedding photography. You can and should build images around light, color, and composition, but without emotion, there's a vital human element missing."

Getzschman, who shot the dance-floor spin on the previous spread, looks for real interactions between the couple, the wedding guests, and members of the bridal party. “These emotions reflect our humanity and translate immediately and powerfully to viewers regardless of their culture, race, ethnicity or language,” he says.

How do wedding photographers find or create the conditions in which these emotions are allowed to rise to the surface in images? “I engage with my subjects and it gains their trust. I arrive early, introduce myself, learn people’s names, ask questions, listen,”

Getzschman says. “When intimate moments occur, I want to have ingratiated myself to the point where I can stand a few feet away from my subjects with a wide-angle lens and have no one feel that I’m intruding.”

For Ira Lippke (iralippke.com), whose wedding studio is in Brooklyn, NY, it's all about depressurizing the situation. For example, during a couple's formal portrait session, "I emphasize that the photography is secondary. The primary reason for pulling the couple away from their guests is for them to have some meaningful time together, just the two of them on their wedding day," he says. The couple immediately relaxes and focuses on each other, "and I get emotionally real images that way."

Angelica Glass, also of New York (photos.angelicaglass.com), offers a similar approach. When subjects are standing and see the camera, they often tense up. Some even stop breathing. "My favorite strategy is to ask them to sit. Once seated, people tend to become more relaxed and breathe normally," she says. "For shots of the bridal couple, I also ask others to leave the room. That way the couple can relax without too many sets of eyes on them."

New York-based shooter Ron Antonelli (ronantonelli.com) also takes a physical approach to posing portraits. "I remind the couple to touch one another. Whether it's holding hands or having an arm around a partner, a spontaneous moment will always seem more emotionally connected if a couple is physically connected," he advises.

Importance of Candids
While beautifully composed moments at the altar and attractively posed or semi-posed portraits are important components of a fully acomplished wedding album, the images that resonate—the ones that viewers linger over—are often the candid images that showcase memorable exchanges and implied narratives.

For Todd Laffler of Hunterdon County, NJ, (lafflerphotography.com), "Candids are king. When I'm trying to capture impactful candid moments, I think of myself as a hunter in camouflage, observing and waiting out my prey. It often takes keen observation, anticipation, and patience to capture a moment at its zenith."

He continues, “One of my favorite times for candids during a full-mass, Catholic or Episcopalian service occurs during communion. At this time, after the bride and groom have received the Host, the focus turns away from them as the rest of the congregation takes communion. This is when I find loving, intense, and intimate moments between the two. It doesn’t always happen, but when it does, I can be rewarded as they happily share a private moment in the middle of the ceremony, up near the altar.”

Sergio, a single-named wedding pro based in Tucson, AZ, (sergiophotographer.com) carries the hunting metaphor a little further: "Real moments are the most valuable prey of all. I think of such a moment as a mouse. I need to set a trap of light and composition, and then be patient. You don't chase a mouse with a mouse trap; you set the bait and wait."

The best candid pictures capture a moment, but they also imply a story or define the relationships among families and friends. “I don’t find it the least bit satisfying to make pretty, one-dimensional wedding pictures,” says Getzschman. “I challenge myself to make multidimensional images that suggest a context, convey a narrative, and offer insight into the relationships between my subjects.”

The Truth About Shot Lists
Even wedding warriors who deny it have a shot list imprinted somewhere along their strands of DNA. Their trick is to approach each wedding milestone (procession, vows, first kiss, recession, reception toasts, first dance, etc.) with a fresh eye.

For example, Laffler likes to “photograph the bride and groom entering the ballroom for the first time from behind with a wide-angle lens. This way, we can see all their guests’ reactions to them coming in.”

Of course, he can only do this if he has a second photographer working for him to cover the more typical vantage point, in front of the bride and groom.

Ron Antonelli agrees that one way to get creative with the usual wedding scenes is to capture them from unusual vantage points. “We sometimes mount a remote camera with a wide-angle lens to the chuppah [bridal canopy] during a Jewish ceremony and hide it so it can’t be seen. I fire the camera from anywhere, making photos that otherwise would have been impossible. It’s fun later on when our clients react on first seeing the shots. They had no idea we had taken them!”

Lippke also champions unusual points of view: “I love to shoot the first dance, for example, while crouching at the edge of the dance floor,” he says. “I position myself so that the couple are naturally backlit by the perimeter flood lights.”

Composition Counts
Jeff Newsom of San Luis Obispo, CA, (jeffnewsom.com) finds that careful lens selection and composition can add interest to a wedding scene that on the surface may appear bland. "I explore a lot at every wedding I shoot," he says. "I've found over time that I favor getting closer with a wider lens than standing back with a telephoto. It gives me a natural sense of being close to the subject."

This technique gives him a chance to showcase a bride, say, by separating her from the background through defocus or by using a low camera angle to eliminate background clutter. He also prefers strong backlighting to wash out a background.

Seeing the Mise en Scene
Given how much couples (or their parents) usually spend on lighting, flowers, food, music, and all the other expenditures that make up a wedding, the photographer can't neglect them. You should always capture the venue in wide, establishing shots; get close-ups of table settings, floral arrangements, and the bride's gown, as well as other macro views.

Ira Lippke approaches the big picture the way a landscape photographer would. “I love landscapes,” he says. “The wide establishing shots of the wedding venue are a critical part of telling the wedding’s story. Personally, my favorite environmental images have people in them, but we get the undisturbed venue before guests arrive, too.”

Technique is crucial, Lippke adds. “There’s an art to bringing out the character and detail of the whole scene in a beautiful way. For me it’s about finding the best camera angle to produce a beautiful composition, and then deciding on the best exposure. I think about whether I want to utilize a slow shutter speed to create some movement blur that would show a human presence without that particular person being distracting, or if I want the entire scene in sharp focus.”

Have an Assistant
Being able to focus on both the big picture and the intimate moments that constantly, yet unpredictably, arise during a typical wedding means that this kind of photography is really a two-person job. Having an assistant isn't a luxury. For dozens of reasons, it's a necessity. Almost all the pros shown here work with "a sideman"—their coverage is strictly a tag-team effort.

“Immediately before the ceremony I meet with my associate photographer, and we make our game plan of how we are going to capture the different aspects of the ceremony and how the layout of the scene would be best photographed,” explains Lippke. “Usually one of us stays up front to document what is happening at the altar, while the other works on capturing the big picture view. For the reception and cocktails we take turns covering what is happening while the other photographer spends some time exploring details and the environment.”

Develop Yourself
Craig Fritz, who with his wife Kitty makes up Twin Lens Images in rural New Mexico (twinlensimages.com), stresses the importance of developing your own, unique pictorial style.

“Lately, we have been making a concerted effort to stay off of wedding blogs and look at fewer wedding magazines,” he says. “Not because we don’t enjoy looking at the great work out there, but because we recognize that when you inundate yourself with that type of imagery, you can begin to see other photographers’ themes, techniques, and photos in the scene you’re attempting to photograph. We very much want to do our own thing, see our own way, and so this is one way we’re attempting to keep ourselves visually fresh.”

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Photo: Angelica Glass Calm Before the Storm
Angelica Glass suggests doing por-traits early, before the couple gets caught up in the day. Here, her high camera angle throws attention on an elegant element of the bride's ensemble.
Angelica Glass
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Photo: Todd Laffler Add smiles to the Tears and Romance
Humor is crucial in wedding photography for at least three reasons, according to the wedding shooters we interviewed. First, it can break the ice with your subjects—an upbeat photographer is often rewarded with real, unforced smiles from subjects. And most weddings are studded with humorous moments. Capturing them adds crucial leavening to your wedding albums. Finally, as Todd Laffler, who shot the tongue-in-cheek portrait above says, “It’s important for me to capture fun and humorous images at a wedding because I want future clients who relate to such images. The result is I will hopefully attract other couples who like having fun.”
Todd Laffler
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Photo: Ron Antonell Learn the Ropes at a Wedding Studio
Photographers Ron Antonelli and Dave Getzschman both freelance for busy wedding studios. They claim that being a "sideman," as the role is sometimes called, is a great way to learn the business. Antonelli says his boss "has become a great mentor to me, allowing me to work creatively in my own style, while teaching me the ins and outs of being a wedding photographer."
Ron Antonell
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Photo Susan Stripling Mirror Image
Susan Stripling of Brooklyn and Philadelphia created a great reflection by pushing a glass-topped table into the foreground. She used a Nikon D3s and 24–70mm f/2.8 Nikkor zoom.
Susan Stripling
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Photo: Sergio A Joyous Romp
Photographer Sergio gulped when it started to rain, but the wedding party didn't let it dampen their spirits. The lesson: Always follow the action wherever it leads you.
Sergio
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Photo: Ira Lippke Ethereal Light
By back-lighting and over-exposing his shot by 2 full stops, Ira Lippke created a pristine glow for this aspen-grove portrait (bot-tom lef
Ira Lippke
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Photo: Jeff Newsom Fit Style to the Couple
Jeff Newsom used an unusual pose and lighting to bring out this bride's unconventional side.
Jeff Newsom
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Photo: Max Wanger Let Light Create Mood
Max Wanger based in Echo Park, CA, says the wonderful thing about living and working in Southern California is its beautiful sunlight. He made full use of it for this backlit and over-exposed moment. Note also how the low vantage point erases the background.
Max Wanger
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Photo: Todd Laffler Unwind in a Diner
Todd Laffler's penchant for humor helped him get this post- reception shot. He used a Canon EOS 5D Mark II set to ISO 1600. His lens: a 24mm f/1.4L II EF Canon.
Todd Laffler
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Photo: Todd Laffler Sky High
Profiting from high spirits—and camera angle—Todd Laffler used a 15mm Canon fisheye to include all.
Todd Laffler
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Photo: Kitty and Craig Fritz My Flare lady
Using a low-tech Holga film camera for their shot, Twin Lens photographers Kitty and Craig Fritz created soft edges and plenty of flare for romance.
Kitty and Craig Fritz
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