The problem: A nice sunset study, aided by the addition of foreground elements as a graphic counterpoint. (Remember: Sunsets alone are usually pretty boring.) The photographer had cropped up from the bottom, which was good, and used (yay!) a new layer in Photoshop to add a little brightening to the rails, walkway, and gull. But there is still too much dark space at the bottom -- it acts like a dead weight in the composition. And while the sky is pretty, we don't need that much of it. What now? We simply cropped the image to give it a horizontal orientation. This takes out most of the dark lower shadow and frees your eye to wander around the rest of the frame. Also, notice how the diagonal lines of the fence now act as a pointer to the gull. Next time: Have the courage of your cropping. And as much as Pop Photo editors keep blathering on that you should always take (or at least try to take) verticals, remember that horizontals sometimes just work better. Tech info: Tripod-mounted Nikon D50, 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 DX Nikkor, 1/40 sec at f/22, ISO 200, white balance set to cloudy (which adds warmth to the color balance).