Camera Test: Pentax K-3 DSLR

Pentax scores big with its best DSLR yet

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While the contrast-detection autofocus can work with continuous and tracking focus in live view, in video capture you're limited to autofocus­ing before the start of the clip.

Any worries that the Pentax brand might suffer after its purchase by Ricoh can be put to rest. After this summer’s Pentax K-50, Ricoh has followed up with the more upscale 24.3MP K-3 ($1,297, street, body only). Its magnesium-alloy body, built on a stainless-steel chassis, has 92 seals to protect it from water and dust and is rated to function in subfreezing weather. Sensitivity stretches from ISO 100 through 51,200; it captures 14-bit RAW images in both Pentax’s PEF or Adobe’s DNG format; and its pentaprism viewfinder offers a 100%-accurate view with 0.95X magnification. Add a well-designed control system, and you’ve got one heck of an imaging machine.

In the Test Lab
The K-3's large pixel count combines with an updated version of its Silkypix-based RAW converter. Along with a new 86,000-pixel metering sensor that tightened up the white balance, this powered the camera to an Excellent overall image quality rating in our tests from ISO 100 through 800. That's one stop further than its predecessor, the K-5, managed when we tested it in 2011, and the K-3 did it with much more resolving power.

As many camera makers are doing these days, Pentax removed the anti-aliasing filter; these generally work by blurring the image slightly before it reaches the sensor. Instead, Pentax lets you get a similar effect by vibrating the sensor with the same mechanical system that shakes off dust. Pentax calls this most effective at shutter speeds of 1/1000 sec or slower; it’s not available in auto HDR mode or video capture. In our field testing, we did not see aliasing with the system turned on. In our lab tests, we left it off and saw some evidence of aliasing.

In our resolution test, the K-3 delivered 2750 lines per picture height at ISO 100, close to the Nikon D7100’s 2820f lines. It held onto much of this resolution as sensitivity rose, serving up 2600 lines at ISO 1600 and 2525 at ISO 3200—still enough for an Excellent rating. At ISO 12,800, it captured 2375 lines, though after this point resolution dropped more sharply, ending up with 2100 lines at the top sensitivity of ISO 51,200.

We were glad that Pentax now tailors its Silkypix noise reduction defaults to each ISO; it also gives numerical values for color and luminance NR, so you can adjust these in an informed way. But even at ISO 100, the K-3 did not achieve top honors in our test: It scored 1.4, at the top of our Very Low rating, and held this rating at ISO 200. But from there noise dropped to Low at ISO 400 and ISO 800, then deteriorated to Unacceptable at ISO 3200 and higher. (Nikon’s D7100 doesn’t reach Unacceptable until ISO 12,800.)

The K-3’s color accuracy essentially matched the K-5’s and the D7100’s, with an Excellent-level average Delta E of 7.2. In our autofocus speed test, the K-3 did particularly well in brighter light, beating the D7100 from EV 12 through EV 4, but slowing some at in lower light—still a great showing. And though our test measures down only to EV –2, Pentax rates the system as effective down to EV –3. Given that it took an average of 1.41 sec to lock focus and snap an image at EV –2 in our test, we wouldn’t expect fast AF in less light. But in an age when ever fewer cameras focus below EV –1, it’s refreshing to see a company take this tack.

Pentax’s sensor-shift image stabilization proved effective, giving our testers an average of 2 extra stops of handholding leeway.

In the Field
As usual for its top-of-the line DSLR, Pentax has made a very comfortable, rugged camera body. The grip has a deep cutout for your middle finger, providing ample leverage even when using larger lenses, such as the Pentax 60–250mm f/4 we used to capture the New York City Marathon.

The K-3’s shooting-mode dial can be locked. A pair of command wheels affords easy control of aperture and shutter speed in manual mode, and various buttons can be assigned to tasks of your choice. A switch lets you move between still and video capture, while a dedicated button toggles between live view and the optical finder for stills. The Info button brings you to a dashboard-style control panel on the LCD, where you can change 18 different settings. Using the K-3 proved very intuitive, and we were never flummoxed by it in field use.

Though the K-3 doesn’t have built-in Wi-Fi, Pentax will offer a special SD card, called a FLU card, for remote image transfer and camera control. We did not get one in time for our field test.

Video results were pleasing. The K-3 captures at up to 1920x1080 pixels at up to 60i using the H.264 standard for encoding. We saw little in the way of video artifacts.

Burst shooters should be happy with the drive speed of 8.3 frames per second. That’s fast enough to handle almost any sport and, in our trials at the marathon, the continuous AF did well at tracking as runners approached the camera and then rounded a corner.

The K-3’s buffer handles up to 60 JPEGs or 23 RAW images before filling up—enough to capture those runners completely through the turn. Need more? You can extend it by slowing the burst to the setting of 4.5 fps for up to 100 JPEGs or 32 RAW, or the low setting of 3 fps for up to 200 JPEGs or 52 RAW images.

The auto HDR mode lets you choose from three levels of effect, and it can compensate for slight camera movement in between shots, though it’s always best to use a tripod for shooting HDR.

The Bottom Line
Pentax has priced this flagship DSLR close to midlevel bodies from Canon and Nikon. Between the K-3 and Nikon's D7100, it's hard to pick a winner. The K-3 is more rugged and offers more weather-sealing; it also has image stabilization that will work with any lens you mount on the camera (we even used it with a screw-mount lens made when the company was still Asahi Optical Corp.). But the Nikon has slightly better AF tracking—we did see a few less-than-sharp images in our marathon images—and better noise control, especially at lower sensitivities.

Versus Canon’s EOS 70D, this Pentax delivers more resolving power, but lacks the 70D’s articulating LCD screen, and it can’t hold a candle to the Canon’s video AF.

But, if your primary interest is still photography, the K-3 offers a fine rugged body, can accept a vast array of lenses (and image-stabilize all of them) and represents the best shooting experience we’ve had yet from a Pentax DSLR.

SPECIFICATIONS

IMAGING: 24.3MP effective, APS-C-sized CMOS sensor captures images at 6016x4000 pixels with 14 bits/color in RAW mode
STORAGE: 2 SD, SDHC, SDXC slots store JPEG, PEF/DNG RAW, RAW + JPEG files
BURST RATE: Full-sized JPEGs (Fine mode), up to 60 shots at 8.3 fps; RAW (14-bit), up to 23 shots at 8.3 fps
AF SYSTEM: TTL phase detection AF with 27 selectable points (center 25 cross-type); single-shot and continuous AF with subject tracking
SHUTTER SPEEDS: 1/8000 to 30 sec, plus B (1/3-EV increments); shutter life rated to 200,000 cycles
METERING: TTL metering with 86,000-pixel RGB sensor, Multi-segment (evaluative), centerweighted, spot; EV –3–20 (ISO 100)
ISO RANGE: ISO 100–51,200 (in 1/3-EV increments)
VIDEO: Records at up to 1920x1080i60 in H.264 format; built-in monaural mic; stereo minijack mic input
FLASH: Built-in pop-up with P-TTL autoflash covers field of view of 28mm lens; GN 43 (feet, ISO 100); flash sync to 1/180 sec Viewfinder: Fixed eye-level pentaprism
MONITOR: Fixed 3.2-inch LCD with 1,037,000-dot resolution; 15-step brightness, saturation, and color adjustments
OUTPUT: USB 3.0, mini HDMI video, stereo headphone minijack
BATTERY: Rechargeable D-LI90 Li-ion, CIPA rating 720 shots
SIZE/WEIGHT: 5.2x3.9x3.0 inches, 1.8 lb with a card and battery
STREET PRICE: $1,297, body only
INFO: www.us.ricoh-imaging.com

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