The same thing happened in 1998 when Kramer, all grown up and equipped with a Hasselblad 503cm, visited a Concord, California carnival. It was the people that caught her eye there, too. In fact, that outing launched Kramer's ongoing American Carnival Portraits project, which has taken her to fairs and carnivals throughout California, the Midwest, and Hawaii. Kramer carefully controls every step in creating the images, which are captured on Kodak Portra 160VC film and ultimately rendered in vibrant 30x40-inch C-prints with a 26x26-inch image area that makes her tightly-composed subjects seem to jump out of the frame. The quality of her prints has much to do with Kramer's meticulous, old-school darkroom technique, which involves a Jobo drum processor that she bought at a swap meet and repaired herself with skateboard parts.