Tarana Akbari, 12, screams in fear moments after a suicide bomber detonated a bomb in a crowd at the Abul Fazel Shrine in Kabul on December 06, 2011. “When I could stand up, I saw that everybody was around me on the ground, really bloody. I was really, really scared,” said the Tarana, whose name means “melody” in English. Out of 17 women and children from her family who went to a riverside shrine in Kabul that day to mark the Shiite holy day of Ashura, seven died including her seven-year-old brother Shoaib. More than 70 people lost their lives in all, and at least nine other members of Tarana’s family were wounded. The blasts has prompted fears that Afghanistan could see the sort of sectarian violence that has pitched Shiite against Sunni Muslims in Iraq and Pakistan. The attack was the deadliest strike on the capital in three years. President Hamid Karzai said this was the first time insurgents had struck on such an important religious day. The Taliban condemned the attack, which some official viewed as sectarian. On the same day, a second bomber attacked in the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif. Karzai said on December 11 that a total of 80 people were killed in both attacks.

When the news of the 2012 Pulitzer Prize winning photos came out on Monday, all the major news sources covered it. But exactly how they covered is a matter of some debate. Agence France-Presse photographer Massoud Hossaini’s heart-wrenching image of a blood-splattered Afghan girl crying after a suicide bomber’s attack won the Pulitzer Prize for breaking news photography. The image immediately grabs the viewer’s attention and is equal parts hard to look at and hard to forget. The visceral reaction that likely caused the image to win the award also gave many news outlets pause.

Some newspapers used cropped versions of the picture to remove some or all of the blood and dead bodies. MSNBC declined to run the picture at the time of the event in December 2011, saying “the dead bodies of children would be too disturbing to our readers,” but published it Monday after the Pulitzer announcement with a warning of “graphic images which some viewers may find disturbing.” While the New York Times and others published the full un-altered photograph on the front page the day after the attack in December 2011, as well as online after the Pulitzer win.

Publishing graphic images, especially those that include dead bodies has long been a sticky area ethics-wise for journalists. On one hand publications don’t want to offend their readers or be disrespectful to the victims or their families. On the other hand news outlets have a responsibility to tell the full story and not censor the human toll. Editors often solve the dilemma by moving the image to an inside page or requiring a click through online with a warning.

The New York Times has an interview with Tarana Akbari, the 11-year-old girl at the center of the photo as well as the photographer, Massoud Hossaini. Hossaini was wounded after the bombing and suffered many sleepless nights in the event’s wake. Akbari walks with a limp and her sisters and mother are also still suffering injuries from the bombing (seven members of their extended family died). News that the image had won the Pulitzer gave the family some hope, as they are still seeking treatment. “We hope to get something, because right now everybody knows about my life, about my condition,” she said.

Via. AFP and NYT