Perspective gives a two-dimensional image a sense of three dimensions. Here are a few ways to maximize it.

• Zooming in and out doesn’t yield a greater sense of dimensionality—in fact, just the opposite. The more you zoom in, the more you compress any sense of depth. Zooming out to a shorter focal length takes in more of the scene, but can distort perspective.

• Instead, reposition. Try moving the camera. Look for an angle that makes your foreground subject appear greater in size than what’s behind it.

• Use highlights and shadows to add dimensionality. Also, two similarly lit objects, one behind the other, instantly convey perspective.

Adapted from Stoppees’ Guide to Photography & Light by Brian & Janet Stoppee (Focal Press , 2008; $35)