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There are two common problems with most people’s wildlife photos: The subject is either too far away or too centered in the frame, creating a static, boring composition. Look at the entire image in the viewfinder before you snap, and consider these tips for better animal pictures.

•  Follow the Rule of Thirds for wildlife in motion, but be sure to place your subject so that it moves into the frame rather than exiting it.

•  Get as close as possible to the animal. Aside from using a powerful telephoto lens, try waiting in a blind (a camouflaged structure) for wildlife to come to you.

• Use a wide-angle lens to show an animal in its environment.

• Try shooting from different angles and turning your camera vertically.

ADAPTED FROM THE BETTERPHOTO GUIDE TO DIGITAL NATURE PHOTOGRAPHY BY JIM MIOTKE (AMPHOTO BOOKS, 2007; $25)

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