5 Make your subject pop. Simplicity increases a photo's impact, and backgrounds can make or break an image. In the studio, I use a dark, nonreflective backdrop. In the wild, I either blur out the background by reducing depth of field with a wider aperture or use flash with an aperture small enough to darken the ambient exposure beyond the reach of the flash. Much of this also can be done in digital postprocessing: Shoot for maximum data capture, then blur or darken the background with imaging software.