How To Fix the Sky

Retouch the sky the realistic way without resorting to obvious fakery.

How-To-Fix-the-Sky

How-To-Fix-the-Sky

One of the toughest aspects of landscape photography is getting a rich, deep sky without underexposing the ground. Sure, there are camera-based solutions such as optical filters, but sometimes these aren't practical. It's easy enough to add drama to the sky in Adobe Photoshop -- the hardest part can be doing it realistically and avoiding the telltale white halo that screams, "I totally faked my sky!"

Here's an easy way to double the density and power of your whole sky, with a concurrent trick to disguise your work. You'll need Photoshop for this one (sorry, Elements users), but any fairly recent version will do.

Ouick Tip

Selecting a range of colors is just one way to get the sky selected. For a quicker but rougher selection, grab the old Magic Wand tool, set the tolerance to at least 100, and click on your sky. You may get something that's close enough to work with. Photoshop CS3 users can also give the Quick Selection tool a shot. If you go that route, be sure to make your brush size extra large.

Opposite Effect

If you got the sky right in your original photo, but the ground is too dark, you can still use the techniques in this article. In Step 4, use the Color Range selection to pick the ground. Then, in Step 6, choose the Screen Blend Mode instead of Multiply. This will lighten the ground. If you've gone too far, decrease the layer's opacity when you're done with Step 8.

Click here for tutorial steps.

More of Debbie Grossman's Photoshop tutorials can be found in the Digital Toolbox archive.

Before

Before

Before
Digital-Toolbox-1.-First-things-first-Duplicate

Digital-Toolbox-1.-First-things-first-Duplicate

Digital Toolbox*1. First things first:*Duplicate your Background layer by dragging it down to the New Layer icon.
Digital-Toolbox-2.-Isolate-the-sky-Type-L-on-you

Digital-Toolbox-2.-Isolate-the-sky-Type-L-on-you

Digital Toolbox*2. Isolate the sky:* Type L on your keyboard to get the Lasso tool, and make a rough selection of your sky. Don't worry about getting it perfect, just make sure you get all of the sky in.
Digital-Toolbox-3.-Go-to-Select-Color-Range.-In

Digital-Toolbox-3.-Go-to-Select-Color-Range.-In

Digital Toolbox*3. Go to Select* > Color Range. In the Selection Preview pulldown menu, choose Black Matte.
Digital-Toolbox-5-Next-click-the-Add-Layer-Mask

Digital-Toolbox-5-Next-click-the-Add-Layer-Mask

Digital Toolbox*5 Next, click* the Add Layer Mask button to turn your selection into a mask.
Digital-Toolbox-6-Next-for-great-clouds-grab-th

Digital-Toolbox-6-Next-for-great-clouds-grab-th

Digital Toolbox*6 Next, for great clouds,* grab the Blend Mode pull-down menu and switch to Multiply.
Digital-Toolbox-8-Slide-the-Radius-to-the-right-u

Digital-Toolbox-8-Slide-the-Radius-to-the-right-u

Digital Toolbox*8 Slide the Radius* to the right until those haloes disappear completely, and the transition between land and sky looks natural. Click OK, and you're all finished. No more choosing between blah skies and obvious fakery.
After

After

After
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